venerdì 25 maggio 2007


Additional clinical data: The patient has a history of hypocalcemia.


Diffuse, symmetric calcification of the deep gray matter and bilateral immediate subcortical white matter (U-fibers). No acute intracranial hemorrhage or abnormal extra-axial fluid collections. No focal mass, mass effect, or shift of midline structures. Stable, normal ventricle sizes and configuration.

Differential Diagnosis:
- Pseudohypoparathyroidism
- Hypoparathyroidism
- Hyperparathyroidism
- Fahr's disease
- Post-infectious (e.g. toxoplasmosis)
- Post-radiation therapy

Diagnosis: Pseudohypoparathyroidism


Pseudohypoparathyroidism (PHP) is a congenital hereditary abnormality that appears to be transmitted as an X-linked dominant trait characterized by hypocalcemia, hyperphosphatemia, and basal ganglia / soft tissue calcification. In PHP, biochemical hypoparathyroidism results from end-organ resistance to parathyroid hormone, due to a defect in the receptor-adenylate cyclase system. As a result, the kidney and, less commonly, the bones are unable to respond to parathyroid hormone.

Radiologic overview

Afflicted patients may be short-statured with rounded faces. Brain calcinosis may be seen in conditions with PHP, the severity and distribution of which varies in individual reports. Bilateral calcifications may present in the basal ganglia, thalamus, cerebral white matter, and cerebellum on head CT. The intracranial calcifications of the basal ganglia may later coalesce into homogeneous masses. Osteosclerosis, which may be generalized or localized, is the most common skeletal abnormality, including calvarial thickening. Subcutaneous calcifications can be seen, especially in the area of the hips and shoulders.

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